House XII–XIII centuries

In XII  early XIII centuries the houses of South Kazakhstan and KultobeYasi have big changes comparing to previous historical periods. The houses are with several premises. Some rooms are along a long axis that is called enfilade layout and others on intersecting axes are crisscrossed. The interior also have changed and the central pits have different shapes: oval, round, U-shaped. It was mandatory to have sufas and steps at the entrance of the houses.

The graphically recreated Kultobe house (XII  early XIII centuries) belongs to the middle-wealthy family and is fully presented as archaeological ruins. The center of the composition is the traditional courtyard, which includes all the premises of the first floor and summer premises iwans. The premises of the houses are divided into a living room (mekhmankhana), kitchen (askhana), living rooms (khudjra), utility rooms and store rooms (khazhatkhana) and summer awning iwans. This is the image of accumulated typical house and everything else was individual and dependent on the class category.