Craftsman house with a pottery furnace XIX – beginning XX centuries

The end of the XIX  beginning XX centuries for South Kazakhstan is characterized by the development of a craft production manufactures. The Kultobe craftsman house with the pottery furnace is one of the best samples of life, daily routine and activity of Turkestan potters. To be more productive the masters were aimed to individualize their products from the mass of ceramic production. They put branded “stamps”, personal stamptamga symbols. These signs are often found on Kultobe ceramic products.

Numerous archaeological finds of ceramic fragments shows that the production of glazed and non-glazed ceramics was popular on Kultobe. Potters produced various sized khumes, oil churning vessels, milk pitchers, traditional dishes, lamps and other.

Traditionally, the pottery house was located in one of the premises of the house or in the yard close to the premises. The pottery furnaces were located almost always outside of the premises. According to the space of the house and the capacity of the pottery furnace the house of the Kultobe master was likely belonged to the middle-class potter.