House XIX century – beginning XX century

In one of the parts of archaeological excavations on the Kultobe settlement a high-density low-rise building, fragments of pavement, building’s walls, fences of inner yards, pedestrians and  almost preserved in plan residential house were revealed.

The excavated house dates by experts as Kokand khanate’s period (XIX – beginning XX century) and is a typical Central Asian construction with iwan and patio. The iwan is a flat-covered terrace supported by columns or pillars. It was the main front room of the house.

The basement of the house was a single frame and was filled with rammed clay. The roofs of that type of buildings were covered with tree trunks and a thick layer of rammed clay. The gate, doors and pillars of the iwan were decorated with carving. Houses were heated by hearth with a chimney pipe. There was almost no furniture in the houses, instead: shelves for bed clothes, dishes and other daily necessities were embedded in the walls. The clothes were stored in trunks. This is a completed image of a typical house of the XIX century  first XX century middle-class’s citizen.